Today, works on the Internet, many called the World Wide Web, which, in general, incorrectly, no one is surprised. But here to view the World Wide Web requires several mandatory conditions, which are not known to all novice users. So, let’s see how exactly the necessary tools are.
What is the World Wide Web?
In fact, the term World Wide Web itself, now called the abbreviation WWW, officially appeared in 19989, when Tim Burns-Lee proposed to the world the use of a global and complete project for the publication of hypertextual documents linked to each other.
The same time applies to the appearance of the HTML markup language and to the main WWW and HTTP identifiers. Since then, the World Wide Web has received its secret name “World Wide Web”. The documents are usually placed on physical servers or virtual web servers that can not only view the documents actually created (pages), but also generate them according to special scenarios. So the simplest conclusion: to view the World Wide Web you need support for these elements. We try to stay on each of them separately.
What you need to view the World Wide Web: the first steps
It goes without saying that the initial condition for access to the global information space will require communication. According to the basic definition, these are services provided by a special service called provider. It is the one who is responsible for communication with the use of their own servers and multi-channel access to remote systems.
As already understood, without connection to the Internet, there is no question of displaying the pages. This means that you need a connection to view the World Wide Web. It can be the connection of a single terminal or laptop, creating connections on a local network with single access of all terminals to the Internet via a central server , using a wireless connection or a modem connection.
But this is not the only condition for viewing the World Wide Web. What else is required? One of the main elements of any system designed to work on the World Wide Web is the presence on the computer, on the laptop or even on the mobile gadget of a special program or some programs called Internet browsers.
Today they can be found quite a lot. The most popular are Opera, Google Chrome, Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, etc., as well as Internet Explorer, installed by default in any Windows operating system (in Windows 10 is the Edge browser). About their basic settings in terms of additional elements, taken from modern technologies, will be communicated a little later.
So, we ordered the browser. What else should you do to know the World Wide Web (WWW)? Naturally, the so-called URL.
The comparison can be, for example, with the home address of the person’s residence (very conditionally). Unfortunately, each page is on the server only if a unique identifier is assigned (in our case, the position address, sometimes treated as a hyperlink concept). The convenience is that in an apartment, for example, few people can live, but for them the whole address of the residence is common. For pages or sites that are on the same server, the main address will also be shared, but each page is also associated with a separate link, so you do not search through your own numbers for the only one that has the necessary information. By the way, it is worth paying attention that there are no two identical addresses in the world. In some ways, this is similar to the system for identifying computers that use unique IDs.
Among the addresses of all types, you can select the standard ones, those that begin with http: // www. (Simply www or without applying it after the first connection), as well as addresses like https: // www., Corresponding to the entrance of the protected area.
Support for ActiveX controls and add-ons
Besides all that is described, it should be remembered that in the general system of the World Wide Web for the visualization it is necessary to be able to use some additional elements that can be used on websites or web pages.
For example, in the “native” Windows browser is support for ActiveX controls and executable scripts, which significantly expands the functionality of not only the browser itself, but also the retention of completely different information on the sites.
However, today it is considered that the most common add-on in the form of a special plug-in (additions) to browsers is Adobe Flash Player, responsible for playing a wide range of audio and video formats on the web. As such, the program does not start in the browser (ie it is not necessary to manually start the application, as for a normal executable EXE file). It starts automatically when you click on the appropriate link or when you click the play icon in the player window on the site.
Again, and that’s not all. To view the World Wide Web requires the presence of powerful anti-virus software in the system. Well, if you use “OSes” like Linux or Mac OS X. For them and viruses, it does not exist, because in this environment they simply do not work.
Another thing – Windows. Since their inception, viruses have become a real global problem. And if you could previously “grab” the virus, such as a floppy disk, now auto-coping viruses can be transmitted not only in local networks, but also as threats only with the standard transition to a web page. It seems that we should not talk about the consequences of these threats, because it can be both a harmless program and a sufficiently serious product that can steal confidential information from a computer or a server and even completely eliminate the operating system or some “iron” components. Of computer .
Even your Windows security (a firewall or, as it is also called, a firewall) is very conditional and is not perfect.
As you can see, to view the World Wide Web does not require much. However, some additional elements and programs designed, for example, for the use of email, the creation and publication of their information materials in the form of unique sites, for uploading files to the site (upload) or to a computer ( download), CSS technologies and etc. However, in this case, there were only a few mandatory basic conditions for all systems.