The word ” wiring ” indicates an infrastructure formed by physical systems such as cables, connectors and permutators. It serves to form a network that connects a group of buildings or the different sectors of a single building . Depending on the needs, the cabling may concern the electricity, telephone or IT networks.
The structured cabling is precisely the modern office buildings and supports the exchange of information . This complex technological network therefore conveys phone calls, data, videos and so on. The structured cabling of LAN networks, for example, creates computer networks that connect the computers, servers and printers of the same building to each other.
What characterizes structured cabling is the use of systems compliant with national and international standards . On the contrary, proprietary systems rely on only one type of data protocol, usually proprietary. This means that there can only be products from a single brand within the network. Instead, structured cabling also supports multi-brand devices.
The importance of the project in a structured cabling
The wiring of a corporate network involves several professional figures, sometimes one for each phase. However, everything starts from a project , without which it is impossible to take the next steps. In this phase, the components and dimensions of the system are decided . Based on the size of the final network, it is also determined how to configure the above components.
The project of a structured cabling is independent of the number of users and the immediate purpose. Indeed, it must take into account how hardware and software technologies will transform in the years to come. Only in this way will it satisfy both today’s and tomorrow’s needs, always in compliance with international standards.
Sometimes the structured cabling project even appears during the construction of the building . In these cases the communication infrastructure becomes an integral part of the building, such as the electricity network or the heating system. Such an event is certainly the best, but it is not always possible . Most of the time, the project concerns a finished building on which an infrastructure must be built from scratch.
What is the cabling of computer networks
Talking about computer network cabling is in itself something very generic . Computer networks are in fact a set of connected devices that exchange data. The size of the different networks is variable : there are networks that affect a single room and others that extend all over the world, such as the Internet.
When we talk about the cabling of computer networks in the corporate environment , we usually refer to closed local networks or LANs . Buildings that are very far apart can also be wired with so-called MAN (underground) networks. Nonetheless, in most cases it is kept within the limits of LAN networks.
Structured cabling of LAN networks
With structured cabling LANs it ensures multiple computers connect to the internet and an internal network , without the need for Wi-Fi. They are small networks, usually limited to a single building and covering an area of maximum 2 km . The most common topology is the star topology, with a central computer that receives and sends data to all the others.
The devices connected to the same LAN can either download data from the Internet or exchange information with each other. Two computers connected in this way are therefore able to ” see each other ” and send documents directly. The same goes for peripherals, such as printers or scanners.
Once the structured cabling of LAN networks has been carried out, new devices can be connected or removed. So if a new printer arrives in the office, you can connect it to the LAN. All computers connected to the same network will be able to recognize the printer and, if necessary, send them orders. This allows you to print a document from the printer downstairs without moving.
Corporate network cabling: why structured?
The time has come to have the corporate network cabled , why choose the structured one ? As seen above, this type of cabling is not tied to proprietary systems and therefore allows greater flexibility. Beyond this, however, there are other advantages that facilitate work in the company and increase productivity.
Versatile . Structured cabling provides an efficient system with all transmission elements, including cameras and sensors.
Scalable . Once the corporate network cabling is done, it remains open for future expansion.
Flexible . Devices can be added or removed without building or electrical works.
International . Structured cabling relies on international standards, valid everywhere in the world.
Inexpensive . This type of corporate network requires lower maintenance costs than a proprietary system.
Versatility . With the wiring of a structural company network it is possible to connect devices of different brands.
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